How to design 4 bit synchronous counter

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How do you make a 4-bit synchronous down counter?

4 bit Synchronous DOWN Counter The 4 bit down counter shown in below diagram is designed by using JK flip flop. The same external clock pulse is connected to all the flip flops. As the counter has to count down the sequence, initially all the inputs will be in high state as they have to count down the sequence.

What is a 4-bit synchronous counter?

4- Bit Synchronous Up Counter An external CLK signal is given to all four flip-flops in parallel. This counter includes 16 output states where it counts from 0000 to 1111. As compared to 3-bit, the timing diagram of this counter & its operation is also the same.

What is the procedure to design a synchronous counter?

The procedure to design a synchronous counter is as follows.

  1. Choose the number of flip flops using 2n ≥ N.
  2. Choose the type of flip flop.
  3. Draw the state diagram of the counter.
  4. Draw the excitation table for the counter.
  5. Derive the flip flop input functions using K-map.
  6. Draw the logic diagram of the synchronous counter.

How do you make a mod 4 counter?

Building a clocked Mod-4 Counter

  1. Step 1: Derive a state diagram and/or state table. …
  2. Step 2: Compute p, the number and types of flip-flops needed. …
  3. Step 3: Separate the state transition table into p tables, one for each flip-flop. …
  4. Step 4: Derive an input table for each flip-flop.

How does a 4-bit counter work?

A 4-bit Synchronous up counter start to count from 0 (0000 in binary) and increment or count upwards to 15 (1111 in binary) and then start new counting cycle by getting reset. Its operating frequency is much higher than the same range Asynchronous counter.

What is a 4-bit counter?

4-bit Synchronous Counter Waveform Timing Diagram Because this 4-bit synchronous counter counts sequentially on every clock pulse the resulting outputs count upwards from 0 ( 0000 ) to 15 ( 1111 ). Therefore, this type of counter is also known as a 4-bit Synchronous Up Counter.

What is 4-bit binary up down counter?

A 4-bit binary up/down counter counts sequence from 0000 to 1111 and 1111 to 0000.

What is 4-bit ripple counter?

This circuit is a 4-bit binary ripple counter. All the JK flip-flops are configured to toggle their state on a downward transition of their clock input, and the output of each flip-flop is fed into the next flip-flop’s clock. So, when each bit changes from 1 to 0, it "carries the one" to the next higher bit.

Which one is a 4-bit binary ripple counter *?

Which one is a 4-bit binary ripple counter? Explanation: IC 7493 is a 4-bit binary ripple counter.

How many flip-flops are needed for a 4-bit counter?

4 flip-flops

A four-bit counter is designed using 4 flip-flops and a corresponding combinational circuit. It can count from 0 to 2n – 1 i.e. 2n numbers.

How many FFs are required for 4-bit up down counter?

4 J-K flip-flops

In 4-bit up-down counter, how many flip-flops are required? Explanation: An n-bit bit counter requires n number of FFs. In a 4-bit up-down counter, there are 4 J-K flip-flops required.

How do you make a 3 bit synchronous counter?

Steps to design Synchronous 3 bit Up/Down Counter :

  1. Decide the number and type of FF – …
  2. Decision for Mode control input M – …
  3. Draw the state transition diagram and circuit excitation table –
  4. Circuit excitation table – …
  5. Find a simplified equation using k map – …
  6. Create a circuit diagram – …
  7. 3 bit synchronous up/down counter.

What does modulo 4 mean?

Put simply, modulo is the math operation of finding the remainder when you divide two numbers together. If you are asking "what is 4 mod 4?" then what you really need to know is "what is the remainder when I divide 4 by 4?".

How do you make mod 5 counters?

Step 1: The number of flip-flops required to design a mod-5 counter can be calculated using the formula: 2n >= N, where n is equal to no. of flip-flop and N is the mod number. In this case, the possible value on n which satisfies the above equation is 3. Hence, the required number of flip-flops is 3.

How many possible states are there in mod 4 counter?

There are four states for any modulo–4 counter. N=4 The states are simple: 0, 1, 2, and 3.

What is the maximum modulus of a 4-bit counter?

Exercise :: Counters – General Questions

54.A 4-bit counter has a maximum modulus of ________.
A. 3 B. 6 C. 8 D. 16 Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. Workspace Report errors … Name : Email: View Answer Discuss

What is synchronous binary counter?

Synchronous Counter: It is a digital circuit that performs counting in binary numbers with the help of flip-flops and all flip-flops triggered simultaneously.

What is synchronous binary up counter?

The 3-bit Synchronous binary up counter contains three T flip-flops & one 2-input AND gate. All these flip-flops are negative edge triggered and the outputs of flip-flops change affect synchronously. The T inputs of first, second and third flip-flops are 1, Q0 & Q1Q0 respectively.

How do you write 4-bit in Verilog?

The 4-bit counter starts incrementing from 4’b0000 to 4’h1111 and come back to 4’b0000. It will keep counting as long as it is provided with a running clock, and reset is held high. The rollover happens when the most significant bit of the final addition gets discarded.

Which counter is faster synchronous or Asynchronous?

Synchronous Counter

Synchronous Counter is faster than asynchronous counter in operation. Asynchronous Counter is slower than synchronous counter in operation.

What is synchronous decade counter?

What is a synchronous decade counter ? A logical counter able to increment a 4 bits word at each clock tick from 0 to 9 in a loop. The main component to make a counter is a J-K Flip Flop. Actually, one for each bit. Otherwise, the decimal greatest number of a decade counter is 9 that is encoded by 1001 in binary code.

How do you use a 4-bit binary counter?

What is synchronous down counter?

In synchronous counter clock is provided to all the flip-flops simultaneously. Circuit becomes complex as the number of states increases. Speed is high.

What is difference between synchronous and asynchronous counter?

1. In the synchronous counter there are continuous clock input signals with flip-flops used to produce the output. In Asynchronous counters there are different clock signals used to produce the output.

Which of the following statements best describes the operation of a synchronous up -/ down counter?

Which of the following statements best describes the operation of a synchronous up-/down-counter? The counter can be reversed, but must be reset before counting in the other direction.

Is a truncated counter?

n-bit counter whose modulus is less than the maximum possible is called a truncated counter. output is applied to the clock input of the next flip-flop i.e. FF-B. counter.

Can we use IC 7490 as down counter?

This 7490 IC has inbuilt Divide by 2 and Divide by 5 counters in it. It can also be used as divide by 10 counter by connecting by connecting clock input 2 and QA and connecting all rest pins to ground and giving pulse input to 1.

How many different states does a 4-bit Asynchronous counter have?

16 states

Explanation: In a n-bit counter, the total number of states = 2n. Therefore, in a 4-bit counter, the total number of states = 24 = 16 states.

What is synchronous 3 bit up down counter?

Synchronous 3-bit Up/Down Counter Then the 3-Bit counter advances upward in sequence (0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7) or downwards in reverse sequence (7,6,5,4,3,2,1,0). Generally most bidirectional counter chips can be made to change their count direction either up or down at any point within their counting sequence.

How many flip-flops are needed for a 3 bit counter?

In a sense, this circuit “cheats” by using only two J-K flip-flops to make a three-bit binary counter. Ordinarily, three flip-flops would be used—one for each binary bit—but in this case, we can use the clock pulse (555 timer output) as a bit of its own.

How many different states a 3 bit synchronous counter have?

How many different states does a 3-bit asynchronous down counter have? Explanation: In a n-bit counter, the total number of states = 2n. Therefore, in a 3-bit counter, the total number of states = 23 = 8 states.

How is modulo calculated?

To calculate modulo division: Subtract the divisor from the dividend until the resultant is less than the divisor.

What is the modulus of 4 2?


Answer: 4 mod 2 is 0. Let’s find 4 mod 2. Explanation: 4 mod 2 equals 0, since 4/2 = 2, with a remainder of 0. To find 4 mod 2 using the modulus method, we first find the highest possible multiple of the divisor, 2 that is equal to or less than the dividend, 4.

How do you calculate modular arithmetic?

Modulus on a Standard Calculator

  1. Divide a by n.
  2. Subtract the whole part of the resulting quantity.
  3. Multiply by n to obtain the modulus.

What is a mod 6 counter?

They are created by connecting multiple flip-flops to one another (such that the output of one flip-flop is the input for another), and by connecting the complement of the output of the last flip-flop to the input of the first flip-flop. For a mod 6 Johnson counter, 3 flip-flops are required.

How many flip-flops are needed for a mod 32 binary counter?

5 flip flops

Hence, it required 5 flip flops. Mod-32 means divide by 32 counter.

How many flip-flops are needed for Mod-16?

Number no. of flip – flops are required to construct a mod-16 counter, must satisfy: 2n ≥ 16 i.e. Win over the concepts of Sequential Circuits and get a step ahead with the preparations for Digital Electronics with Testbook.

Which flip-flop is used in synchronous counter?

Circuit and Operation of Synchronous Counter. The circuit is composed of 3 J-K flip-flops and 2 AND gates. And the clock signal to trigger the flip-flop is provided at the same time.

Is flip-flop a latch?

The major difference between flip-flop and latch is that the flip-flop is an edge-triggered type of memory circuit while the latch is a level-triggered type. It means that the output of a latch changes whenever the input changes.

Why are asynchronous called ripple counters?

Asynchronous counters are slower than synchronous counters because of the delay in the transmission of the pulses from flip-flop to flip-flop. Asynchronous counters are also called ripple-counters because of the way the clock pulse ripples it way through the flip-flops.

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